Hypothyroidism is a pathological condition, the occurrence of which is due to a persistent decrease in the level of production of thyroid hormones over a long period of time. Today it is the most common endocrinological problem.
This process can be primary (90-95% of all cases), that is, develop with direct damage to the tissues of the thyroid gland itself (congenital anomalies, thyroiditis of an autoimmune or infectious nature, the consequences of the introduction of radioactive iodine, complications of surgical treatment, a lack of iodine in the environment) or secondary as a result of various (infectious, traumatic, tumor) lesions of the hypothalamic-pituitary system.
The main clinical symptoms of hypothyroidism are general weakness, lethargy, lethargy, apathy, increased drowsiness, memory impairment, and decreased ability to work. In addition, patients’ hearing suffers, speech slows down, the voice becomes low, hoarse, and the look becomes indifferent.
A typical sign is considered to be swelling of the subcutaneous fatty tissue, when, when pressing on the tissue, no pits remain on them. In advanced cases, myxedema is noted – an extreme form of hypothyroidism, accompanied by edema of all organs and tissues and a drop in basal metabolism by 30-40%.
For a long time, the main direction of treatment for hypothyroidism has been substitution therapy with drugs based on thyroid hormones. However, thanks to the introduction of cell therapy into practice, a different approach became possible – treatment with stem cells.
Cell therapy allows you to completely restore the main function of the thyroid gland – to adjust the secretion of its hormones, the level of which is directly related to the activity of such endocrine glands as the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, adrenal glands and gonads.
On the one hand, stem cells provide the regeneration of the affected organ tissues, replacing the damaged and dead elements, and on the other, they contribute to the gradual elimination of the nodes formed during hypothyroidism, replacing them with healthy, full-fledged thyroid tissue, the source for the growth of which they are. This, in turn, leads to the restoration of sufficient production of thyroid hormones and the elimination of the need for taking hormonal drugs or reducing their dose to a minimum.
Both the patient’s own stem cells and donor ones are used for cell therapy.
Stem cell therapy has a beneficial effect not only on the thyroid gland, but also on the entire body. Thanks to them, immunity increases, the work of internal organs and systems improves, metabolic processes are normalized. To obtain the best effect, cell therapy is recommended to begin when the first symptoms of hypothyroidism are detected, without allowing the situation to worsen.