The preservation of umbilical cord (cord, placental) blood is very important, because the stem cells obtained from it have a number of indisputable advantages, and the very method of collecting it is absolutely safe for both the mother and the newborn and can be carried out after natural physiological childbirth , and after the cesarean section.
The ability of umbilical cord blood stem cells to divide is, on average, ten times higher than that of similar cells in the bone marrow of an adult, and, therefore, they have a much higher reductive potential. These cells can be successfully used to treat a child at any period of his life, and with a high degree of probability will be suitable for his closest relatives.
Umbilical cord blood is obtained from the placenta directly during childbirth. This procedure is carried out either when the baby’s place is still in the uterus, or within half an hour after its birth, that is, while the umbilical cord blood is active and not clotted. During the manipulation, a special aspiration needle connected to the container is inserted into the umbilical vein. The volume of blood obtained in this way usually ranges from 50 ml to 110 ml, but if it is collected within the first 30 seconds after cutting the umbilical cord, the amount of cord blood can be increased to 200 ml.
After the whole blood is in a container filled with a preservative that prevents it from clotting and is transported to the laboratory, stem cells are isolated from it by fractionation. The plasma is examined for the presence of infections (HIV, hepatitis, syphilis, etc.), and then, like the cells, is frozen. Moreover, the cryomaterial is prudently divided into portions, which in the future will allow it to be used in parts. All samples of umbilical cord blood are carefully labeled and stored in a cryobank.
In a special bio-storage, usually a container filled with liquid nitrogen, they can be kept all the time until they are needed. At the same time, up to 95% of frozen stem cells remain viable for decades.
Currently, in developed countries, the preservation of their own cord blood stem cells is considered a very promising method of ensuring human health throughout his life. Now these cells are quite successfully used to treat a number of diseases: anemias, leukemias, various metabolic disorders and diabetes mellitus, congenital anomalies, defects of the immune system, cardiovascular, bronchopulmonary and other pathologies. In addition, cell therapy promotes recovery after a stroke, myocardial infarction, and increases the overall resistance of the body to adverse factors.
Preservation of viable stem cells isolated from the cord blood collected at the birth of a child in a frozen state provides a unique opportunity to protect not only his health for many years to come, but also, if necessary, help other close blood relatives.
Our clinic has its own cord blood bank, which makes it easier to find both donor material for our patients and the possibility of cultivating our own cells for treatment and rejuvenation.