One of the most common complications of spinal osteochondrosis is radiculitis. This is a disease of the peripheral nervous system that affects the bundles of nerve fibers extending from the spinal cord. With osteochondrosis, the cartilaginous intervertebral discs significantly lose their elasticity and squeeze the spinal roots. The deposition of salts begins at the junction of the pathologically altered discs and vertebrae. The pathological protrusions formed as a result of this, during physical exertion, exert significant pressure on the nerve roots, which causes pain.
In almost 95% of cases, sciatica is a manifestation of osteochondrosis, and only 5% of cases are caused by various injuries of the spine, some diseases of internal organs, inflammatory lesions of the joints and spine.
The reasons of radiculitis
In the 19th century, doctors believed that spontaneous inflammatory processes in the nerve roots were the cause of radiculitis. At the beginning of the 20th century, various intervertebral hernias, or rather protrusions and tears of the cartilaginous tissue located around the vertebrae, were considered guilty of the occurrence of radiculitis. Today, experts call various spinal injuries as the cause of sciatica, in particular osteochondrosis, trauma, etc.
The main causes of radiculopathy include:
- degenerative processes in the vertebrae;
- herniated discs;
- protrusion of discs;
- compression fractures;
- narrowing of the spinal canal;
- the presence of tumors, foraminal stenosis.
Symptoms of radiculitis
For the manifestation of radiculitis, the most characteristic symptoms are pain along the nerve roots and nerves, impaired sensitivity, and movement disorders can also be observed. The disease develops most often acutely, subsequently it can turn into a stable chronic form and recur periodically. Depending on which area of the nerve fibers is affected, different forms of radiculitis are distinguished. One of the most common forms is the sacro-lumbar radiculitis, pain in which is localized in the lumbar region and buttock with irradiation to the thigh, foot, lower leg. When moving, the pain increases significantly, the patient simply cannot sit or stand, and when bending and walking, the pain becomes even stronger.
With radiculitis of the cervico-shoulder region, there is pain in the back of the head, scapula, shoulder, which is aggravated by turning the head, various movements of the hands, and also when coughing. Sometimes there is numbness, tingling or burning of the skin of the hand, sensitivity may be impaired. Radiculitis of the thoracic region is extremely rare and is manifested by aching pain in the intercostal region, which increases with movement.
Long-term stress, metabolic disorders, infection, intoxication, heavy lifting, or any awkward movements can provoke an attack of sciatica.
Diagnostics of radiculitis
For the diagnosis of sciatica, a number of laboratory and instrumental activities are carried out. Symptoms are determined – that is, the nature of the pain, localization, intensity, the presence of sensitivity disorders, etc. A neurological examination is carried out, which consists in a reflex test of sensitivity and activity. X-ray, MRI, CT, EMG are shown.
Treatment of radiculitis
Therapeutic measures of traditional medicine depend on the severity and symptoms of radiculitis: drug treatment aimed at relieving the inflammatory process, reducing pain symptoms and relieving tissue edema. Physiotherapy techniques that improve blood circulation in the tissues adjacent to the root, reduce pain manifestations, and improve the conduction of impulses along the nerve roots. Manual therapy and massage to help relieve spasms and muscle blocks. IRT with an effect on biologically active points of the body, which helps to quickly restore the processes of conducting various impulses along nerve fibers. Dosed physical activity (exercise therapy) will help restore normal healthy biomechanics of the entire spine and a functional stereotype of movements, as well as relieve root compression. Treatment of sciatica is carried out only in a complex, which allows you to permanently eliminate the existing symptomatic manifestations and minimize the risk of possible repeated relapses. However, traditional therapy is aimed only at eliminating symptomatic manifestations. To eliminate the cause of radiculitis, that is, to stop degenerative-dystrophic processes, she is not able to.
Stem cell therapy of radiculitis
Today, only one method of treating radiculopathy is most effective – this is cell therapy.
Treatment of sciatica with the help of own stem cells is aimed at relieving the main symptoms of osteochondrosis – pain, edema, inflammation. It is very important to start treatment of sciatica as early as possible, at the first signs of the disease, which will allow you to observe the maximum effect of the use of cell therapy. Treatment with autologous cells is based on the principles of tissue regeneration, therefore, the less destroyed the intervertebral discs, the faster the process of its recovery.
Cell therapy is based on the ability of stem cells to significantly influence all metabolic processes in the body, including the swing and metabolism in the intervertebral discs and the spine. When treated with autologous cells, the normal flow and perception of various nutrients into the intervertebral disc is completely restored. The content of amino acids, water and trace elements is normalized, which has the most positive effect on the springy (shock-absorbing) function of the disc. The normal functioning of the annulus fibrosus and the nucleus pulposus of the disc is fully restored. As a result of the use of cell therapy, patients will completely disappear pain syndrome, dizziness, headaches disappear, the motor function of the affected section is restored, the patient returns to a normal, healthy lifestyle.