Everyone knows that you need to take care of your health from a young age. But in our case, it’s worth starting even earlier. That person is lucky, whose parents from the very birth decided to take care of their child’s health and preserve the body’s stem cells. This action alone will be able to insure the life of a loved one from incredibly serious illnesses and vicissitudes of fate.
The new era of personal medicine is the era of molecular genetic medicine, which will improve the quality and duration of life.
Stem cells are a personalized remedy for fighting ailments. By preserving the child’s umbilical cord blood, parents can count on the fact that this remedy will help him in the future in the fight against such diseases against which medicine is powerless today. Research in the field of molecular genetic medicine brings new discoveries every year, and the list of diseases that stem cells oppose is constantly expanding.
Recently, reliable technologies of cell therapy have been developed, allogeneic, as well as autogenic, which allow many patients with severe blood diseases to be completely cured. Unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is used to treat many malignant and hereditary autoimmune diseases.
Blood diseases treatment
Most of the diseases for which hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the therapy of choice is a pathology of blood cells. HSCT is used for almost all types of leukemia:
- lymphoblastic leukemia,
- myeloid leukemia,
- biphenotypic leukemia,
- undifferentiated leukemia,
- chronic lymphocytic leukemia and myelogenous leukemia,
- juvenile chronic myeloid leukemia and others.
Stem cells are used in myelodysplastic syndrome, also called preleukemia. These are refractory anemia, sideroblastic anemia, refractory anemia with an excess of blasts, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.
The world has experience in using stem cells for lymphomas. Lymphoma is a type of malignant tumor made from white blood cells that circulate in the blood and lymphatic vessels.
HSCT is used for lymphogranulomatosis, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and other disorders of blood cell proliferation – anemia, aplastic anemia, Fanconi’s anemia, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, hereditary pathology of erythrocytes, sickle cell anemia, Cooley’s anemia, Diamonda’s anemia, paroxysmal bladder disease , Glanzman’s thrombasthenia.
Diseases of the immune system treatment
Stem cells are used in the treatment of hereditary diseases of the immune system:
- severe combined immunodeficiency,
- Omenn’s syndrome
- infantile genetic agranulocytosis,
- naked lymphocyte syndrome,
- common variable immunodeficiency,
- DiGeorge syndrome,
- hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis,
- deficiency of lymphocyte adhesion,
- lymphoproliferative diseases,
- polycythemia vera,
- essential thrombocytopenia,
- pathology of phagocytes,
- chronic granulomatous diseases.
Hereditary diseases of the immune system treatment
- hypoplasia of cartilage-hair,
- erythropoietic porphyria,
- Germansky-Pudlak syndrome,
- Schwachman-Diamond syndrome,
- systemic mastocytosis.
Metabolic diseases treatment
Until recently, hereditary metabolic diseases were considered practically incurable. But the use of cord blood stem cells gives hope to patients with such diseases:
- Hurler’s syndrome
- Sheye syndrome
- Hunter syndrome
- Sanfilippo syndrome,
- Morquio syndrome
- Maroth-Lamy syndrome,
- Sly syndrome
- Krabbe’s disease
- metachromatic leukodystrophy,
- Peliceus-Merzbacher disease,
- lysosomal storage diseases,
- Niemann-Pick disease
- Sandhoff’s disease
- Wolman’s disease
- Lösch-Nyhan syndrome,
Oncological diseases treatment
The most famous advances with stem cells are the treatment of tumors that do not originate from the blood-forming organs and the immune system. These are neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma, retinoblastoma.
Research is the hope of winning
There are a number of other diseases that stem cells can heal. Now in the world there are large-scale clinical studies of the application of this technique for the following groups of diseases. And it is quite possible that in a few years these studies may end with a victory over one or another disease from this list.
Neurological disorders treatment
- cerebral paralysis,
- acquired sensorineural hearing loss,
- hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy,
- spinal cord injury.
- Autoimmune diseases
- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,
- Crohn’s disease,
- type 1 diabetes mellitus,
- graft versus host disease,
- systemic lupus erythematosus,
- rheumatoid arthritis,
- multiple sclerosis,
- erectile dysfunction
- systemic scleroderma.
Diseases of the cardiovascular system
- congenital malformations,
- ischemic stroke,
- coronary heart disease,
- acute myocardial infarction,
This list will only expand. Therefore, the preservation of umbilical cord blood can be an important factor in maintaining human health.